Fallacy of Special Pleading
Special pleading is a logical fallacy where an exception is made to a general principle without proper justification. It involves applying principles or rules to other circumstances or entities while exempting a specific case without a valid reason for the exemption.
Principle of Sufficient Reason
The Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) states that everything contingent (caused by something) must have a reason, cause, or explanation for its existence or occurrence. It follows by the principle as old as Parmenides,, ex nihilo nihil fit, “out of nothing, nothing comes.” All science assumes this principle
Sufficient Reason for the Universe
The question then arises “Whence the universe?” Where did the universe come from? Why is there something rather than nothing?
Option 1: Atheist’s Special Pleading
An atheist calls for special pleading as they believe all things require a reason for their existence, except for existence itself. Existence births existence or ex ente, ens, “from being, being [comes].”
Option 2: Universe as Non-Contingent
Alternatively, the atheist must argue for special pleading, believing that the universe does not require an explanation because it is not contingent. It has just always been or ens aeternum est, “being eternal is.”
Option 3: Theist’s Perspective
Theists believe that God is the Principle for Sufficient Reason for the universe and is non-contingent. Therefore, God does not need an explanation, being the Necessary Being or the “Ground of Being.” The Necessary Being is non-contingent by definition. He is the Ens Necessarium
Sufficient Personality and Power is Required
Personality and power are required for creation. The reason for this is obvious. It is a principal of first importance. In order to take any action, there must be a will to take that action. The reason or rational to take this action must come from itself. As well, the reason he must have sufficient power to take this section.
God, being personal, has sufficient reason and power for creating all that is. The atheist does not have sufficient reason as the universe, being impersonal, has no rational or power for creation.
Atheist’s Recognition of the Fallacy
The atheist may see their fallacy, recognizing that they are asking for special pleading as they have no incontingent necessary being with either the power or reason for creation.
At this point, they might change their position and say the universe was never created. In this case, they have alleviated themselves of the problem of personality by saying “eternity” itself is the Necessary Being. It was never created. However, we still have the problem of infinite regress. One cannot jump out of an infinitely deep hole. The universe has to have a starting point
Three Choices for the Ground of Being
Setting aside these obvious absurdities, in our exploration for God, or the Necessary Being, we have three choices:
- A personal God
- An impersonal Universe
- An impersonal unit of measurement, Eternity
God, the Universe, or Eternity—our three choices for the Necessary Being. Ultimately, these are our three choices for God. Ask yourself this question: of these three options, which one echoes the human tendency to worship a block of wood? Humanity seems to have an enduring inclination to venerate inanimate objects to escape the reality of God.
The special pleading for atheism cannot be allowed in a scientific rational age. Atheism need to be rescued from their archaic beliefs that nothing—even nothing itself, units of measure, blocks of wood—can’t create something.