The most recent surprise attack of civilian violence has prompted the same group of questions that the last one did (and the one before that, and the one before that, and so on). What is wrong with people? How could someone do this? What kind of a person would do such a thing? What is going through people’s minds?  We asked these questions when a grade school was riddled with bullets not too long ago, and then we re-asked them when improvised bombs blew body parts off of marathoners on Patriot’s Day.

It may be that these questions are not fully answerable, at least not to a level that would satisfy us completely. People certainly offer possible answers, ranging from mental conditions to upbringing to past abuse to psychological disorders to violent video games. But those always leave the issue wanting. One or more may account partially for this or that specific element in a person’s frame of mind, but the deeper existential weight of the questions is still felt upon the collective psyche of the rest of us.

I see a missing link in the already suspect chains of reasoning that generally attend these kinds of discussions today. It’s like a puzzle in which one enormous piece is absent, without which there isn’t enough of a remaining visual clue as to how the picture is supposed to be filled out. What is missing in this case is the element of belief. When considering an act of head-scratching and heart-rending depravity, we can’t neglect the question, “What were/are the beliefs of this person?” regardless of how uncomfortable people today may be with moving the conversation in that direction.

The attempt to psychologize everything tends to result in an emphasis on the causes of a person’s action. But people act not just as a result of causes (mental illness, depression, drugs, etc.); they act for reasons. And those reasons do not fail to reveal important things about the person’s view of the world, including his or her beliefs, no matter how splintered or convoluted, about God, about human beings, about life’s mission, about the nature of happiness, about his or her own place in the universe.

The contemporary world is marred by the terrible habit of neglecting the importance of beliefs. Because we exist on the rushed and distracted surface of life’s waters, we have neglected and forgotten about the depths below. We are more pragmatic and short-term in our approach to life’s problems than those who came before us. And it hasn’t served us well in times of crisis.

Beliefs matter immensely. Nearly every morally controversial act on the part of a given individual or group is rooted in the peculiar beliefs of that person or group.   When we read or hear about terrorist slaughters in one part of the world, human trafficking in another, and genocide in yet another, our inner moral gage registers the immediate disdain for such evil proceedings. But how much slower are we to also recognize the woefully faulty beliefs of those at the forefront of the events? No doubt the two are causally linked.

Consider your response to Hitler’s “final solution,” to Stalin’s forced starvation of millions, to the burning of witches in various towns of medieval Europe, to the practice of cannibalism in some parts of the world today. Each of these, as distinct as they are, share the common trait of evoking a decidedly negative moral reaction in contemporary Americans.  No doubt they might well illicit the familiar questions, “How could people have done that? What was wrong with them? How could they be so evil?”

But in voicing our moral disgust, we cannot forget or overlook the prior area of major disagreement – the beliefs of those who carried out these things. The fact is that I completely disagree with the perpetrator(s) in each case about some vital things they thought were true, and which served in large part as their reasons for doing what they did.  C. S. Lewis wrote about how a man once said to him, “Three hundred years ago people in England were putting witches to death.” This, the man thought, demonstrated the great moral progress in England since. But Lewis’ response was that “surely the reason we do not execute witches is that we do not believe there are such things.” That is, we now perceive that those who condemned people as witches were responding to a flawed interpretation of reality spurred on by a combination of suspicion, mob-think, frenzied worry, bad teachings, and a shoddy system of justice.

If we supposed that such people as witches were really at work in our midst – people “who had sold themselves to the devil and received supernatural powers from him” in order “to kill their neighbors or drive them mad” or wreak havoc on crops or livestock so as to bring ruin upon citizens, then we may well decide that such diabolical villains deserve capital punishment. “There is no difference of moral principle here,” Lewis concluded; “the difference is simply about matter of fact.  It may be a great advance in knowledge not to believe in witches: there is no moral advance in not executing them when you do not think they are there” (Mere Christianity, Bk I, No. 2).

In the same way, the first Nazi target of our condemnation must be their fundamental teachings and not just the terrible consequences of those teachings. Corrupt doctrines should be castigated and shown to be responsible for their evil results.  Nazi propaganda argued passionately that Jews were inherently inferior, were corrupting and decaying German society, and were thus a cancerous ‘problem’ that needed a ‘solution.’  Similarly Stalinist atheism combined with the preeminent conviction that the eradication of the bourgeoisie was justifiable at nearly any cost resulted in the systematic state violence against entire classes of people.  If we begin to recognize the natural consequences of ideas, we will find less cause to throw our hands up in disbelief and ask how and why such a thing as this or that happened. We will see that the false ideas were the root of the problem, and worthy of open repudation.

This applies to a lot of issues in the news today. We cannot begin to understand the actions of a 17 year old suicide bomber in the Middle East without first understanding the theological framework within which he has been fervently indoctrinated. He is not acting due to causes but for reasons. It’s his reasons that form the heart of the problem. In the larger cultural discussion about the role of Christian belief in modern society, I argue, contrary to secularist dogma, that it is not less Christian thinking and motivation that will better our world. It is more. Once again, a life built upon consistent New Testament Christian beliefs will take a certain form. It will look a certain way because of the worldview informing the person, the values, the decisions of the person holding those beliefs.

Not every ugly headline involving people murdering other people will reveal a perfect symmetry between clearly delineated false beliefs and the horrible deed(s) to which they logically lead. People often act directly against what they profess to believe. Drugs may be involved. Emotions can cause people to do desperate things. Mental illness can be part of it. It’s not always reasons; sometimes causes are at work. Some acts are every bit as “senseless” as we so often say that they are after they’ve shocked our consciences.

BUT, then again, some appalling crimes will be the result of the convictions of someone who does not see things as they are, whose version of the truth is simply wrong. No sense ignoring it. When Christians speak of a fallen world and the fallen nature of human beings, this is not only in reference to our being morally crippled in so many ways. It runs deeper. It has to do with our willingness to believe wrong things for suspect reasons and illicit motivations. Intellectual virtue can be as important as other kinds of virtue. People must strive to know and hold to what is true. People need to be discerning and guard against errant philosophies that lead to destructive ends. Beliefs can be false, and not always in a benign way. Ideas lead to actions. Wrong ideas lead to wrong actions. The question is not just “what is wrong with people?”  Sometimes the question is “what is wrong with people’s beliefs.”

Clint Roberts
Clint Roberts

Clint Roberts has taught Philosophy, Religion, Ethics, Critical Thinking, Apologetics, and a few less interesting subjects over the last decade or so. He likes the Credo House because he once launched a similar non-profit establishment in a different state. His Masters is from a fine theological institution and his doctorate focused on famed arguments by Clive Staples Lewis. He and Wanda lived in Texas a little while, then Idaho very briefly, then Salt Lake City for several years prior to coming to the prairie lands of Oklahoma. They had four kids along the way, and later adopted two more humans, a few goats and chickens, and a pony.

    13 replies to "The question that never gets answered: What is wrong with people?"

    • Biblically and morally, before God and ourselves we are sinners, and have missed the mark…”hamartia”! (Rom. 3: 9) Hamartia (Gk.), is the most comprehensive term for moral obliquity – a turning aside from right moral conduct and sound thinking. It is used of sin as a principle or source of action, as too the inward element producing the act and acts of sin. We fire the arrow, but miss the mark…hamartia! “Through the holiness of the Law, the true nature of sin was designed to be manifested to the conscience (though the seat of sin is in the will – the body is the organic instrument). See Paul’s chapter in Romans 7, especially verses 13-25, only the regenerate Christian knows something of the depth here!

    • theoldadam

      Indeed. We are sinners. Will be all throughout life.

      Sinners interacting with sinners in a fallen world.

      What a formula. Only God can make it right…in the end.

    • […] via The question that never gets answered: What is wrong with people? | Parchment and Pen. […]

    • anonymous

      21even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened. 28 And just as they did not see fit to acknowledge God any longer, God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do those things which are not proper, 29 being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice; they are gossips, 30 slanderers, haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents, 31 without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful;

      16 I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “but the righteous man shall live by faith” Rom 1

      May the Lord continue to be granting the gift of faith .

    • Paul Hosking

      Jeremiah (Jer 17:9) and Jesus (Matt 15:19) are in agreement about what must lie at the *heart* of the problem. Jeremiah asks (in verse 10) “Who can know it?” and I have to say that I have found it extremely difficult to recognise that I am a sinner because my heart keeps finding excuses for my sins. I seem to have learned most lessons by my condemnation of someone else and then by a painful process realising that I am no better.

      David “the man after God’s own heart” had the same problem. It required his own condemnation of someone else in Nathan’s story 2 Sam 12:1-6 before Nathan could deliver the crucial message “You are that man!”.

      Is this the only way we can learn about ourselves, by being disgusted at someone else’s sins?

    • Paul Hosking

      Just realised that Jer 17:10 (incorrectly referenced in my previous post) actually corroborates theoldadam’s point that “Only God can make it right…in the end.” as only God can see, and reveal to us, what is really in our hearts.

      Ironic isn’t it. We are such experts at finding out everything about the world around us and so chronically bad at seeing what lies within us!

    • ralph schreiber

      Catastrophic occurences can be avoided (somewhat). Lk 13 tells us of two such (Pilate and the bridge); but the catastrophic is ‘ye shall all likewise perish’ except we repent (and hence forgive from our hearts every person…)

      More to the point (what is wrong with people), probably not too much–they reflect the people who are called by His name. For if those who are called by His name would turn to Him, He will heal the land.

    • Irene

      You have some excellent points here! Yes, beliefs matter! It seems that often, people will even be unaware of their beliefs about deep, large issues. I think this leads to an unconscious notion that others hold the same basic beliefs, when this is not true.

      For example, it was remarkable to me when I realized the differences in Christianity and Islam regarding the relationship between God and man. Christianity proclaims God is a Father, and people are his children. In Islam, people are servants of a master. There are differences in practice when this is worked out. So, what “serving God” means in each religion is very different.

      Or here’s an example within Christianity. What is the nature and purpose of sex? If a Christian believes sex is for companionship and/or pleasure, and that the procreative aspect can be removed while still practicing sex as God intended, then one will have a much easier time justifying gay marriage. Gay marriage even seems only fair. On the other hand, if a Christian believes that the procreative aspect cannot be removed from what God intended, there are very different implications, and different definitions of sin. I would say most American Christians today remove procreation from sex without really thinking about it. Without realizing they have that belief. But the belief still matters: it still gives reasons for behavior, whether we realize it or not.

      There is the question: What should be done to make us aware of our own beliefs and how they give reasons for our actions?
      Personally, I think the education of youth needs to be stepped up several notches. If a youth graduates high school being able to read, balance a checkbook, and write a few coherent paragraphs, we call that a success. Really, that should only be the beginning. Young people should also be exposed to logic and philosophy, esp. epistemology.

    • Truth Unites... and Divides

      “The question is not just “what is wrong with people?” Sometimes the question is “what is wrong with people’s beliefs.”

      Brilliant, Clint, simply a brilliantly argued essay.

      Thanks for an incisive insight that’s been hitherto overlooked and neglected by many, many contemporary pundits.

    • Truth Unites... and Divides

      Clint “Eastwood” Roberts: “When considering an act of head-scratching and heart-rending depravity, we can’t neglect the question, “What were/are the beliefs of this person?” regardless of how uncomfortable people today may be with moving the conversation in that direction.”

      Excerpt: “If you don’t understand what motivates the enemy there’s no way that you can anticipate what the enemy is likely to do next and protect yourself from it.”

    • Clint Roberts

      Go ahead, ‘Truth Unites’, make my day … which you did, in fact, by showing us at least one social commentator who has the common sense to state the obvious. What Hoffman & McCarthy are saying in that article is so plainly obvious to me. People are too timid to say that they think another person’s beliefs are wrong, having been cowed & bullied by the p.c. Gestapo.

      If a jihadist proclaims that Allah has commanded that he blow up a school bus, you will never hear anyone say that the jihadist is dead wrong about God – his nature, desires, will or commands. Instead people today avoid saying that (though they all clearly believe it) and simply talk about the tragic loss of life because of his actions, as if lighting had struck the victims or a circus elephant had raged out of control. Again, reasons are replaced with causes.

    • Don

      Not sure what you mean Greg Tirbulus?

    • Leon Foonman

      Your question can best be answered with this…

      What are you going to DO about it?


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